Prevention and treatment of (infectious) diseases among disabled children that are displaced due to the December 2010/January 2011 flooding in Sri Lanka.
In the Batticala District several day-care centers for disabled children and their families have been severely damaged due to the high water level. These day-care centers provide care by taking care of the children in their own communities, educate them and give medical support. By organizing medical check-ups and providing them with non-food emergency (sanitation) packages we can prevent diseases and help the children and their families to get back on their feet again.
After the independence of Sri Lanka, an ethnic civil war broke out between the Tamils and the Sinhalese. Over the years, this civil war caused more than 70.000 casualties, with an official peace agreement signed in 2009. Sri Lanka as a country is still coming to terms with the end of this 25 year old civil war. Nearly two generations have been brutalized by violence, and education, infra-structures, sanitation and health care facilities were totally destroyed.
In addition to the physical and mental damage done to the population, the Tsunami in 2004 killed another 20,000 people in the Eastern Province (about 40.000 deaths in total) and obliterated what was left of the infrastructure in the affected area. In the midst of rebuilding the country, in December 2010 a North East Monsoon caused major floods that have hit the country hard again. Many houses and livelihoods have been destroyed, including the MENCAFEP centers for disabled children.
As the waters recede health problems are beginning to surface, with contaminated well water, diseases such as cholera and typhoid raising their heads, dengue and malaria are also in danger of affecting the general population, especially the most vulnerable.
The prevention and treatment of (infectious) diseases among disabled children.
1. Check the children for diseases by giving them (regular) medical checks in the next four months (starting end of April). Local doctors will examine the children and provide them with medicines if needed;
2. Distribute 100 non-food packages that contain, among others: mosquito net, towel, bed sheets, dettol soap, baby soap, washing powder, baby powder, dettol liquid, tooth paste and a tooth brush.
The ongoing monsoon that started beginning of December 2010 and that has continued almost non-stop until the beginning of February 2011, causing massive flooding and earth slips. These circumstances make it difficult to provide good health care.